Laid down31 Mar, 1939Germaniawerft, Kiel
Commissioned18 Apr, 1940Kptlt. Otto Kretschmer
)Commanders18 Apr, 1940 - 17 Mar, 1941 KrvKpt. Otto Kretschmer
(Knights Cross)Career8 patrols18 Apr, 1940 - 30 Jun, 1940 (training)
1 Jul, 1940 - 17 Mar, 1941 (front boat)
Successes35 ships sunk for a total of 198.218 GRT
3 auxiliary warships sunk for a total of 46.440 GRT
5 ships damaged for a total of 37.965 GRT
1 ship taken as prize for a total of 2.136 GRTFateScuttled at 0343hrs on 17 Mar 1941 south-east of Iceland, in approximate position 61N, 12W, after being depth charged by the British destroyer hms walker. 3 dead and 40 survivors.
On 12 July, 1940, the Estonian steamer Merisaar
was ordered to sail to Bordeaux, France (the port was then already under German control). Her captain complied but on the way there she was sunk (on July 15th) by bombs from a German aircraft south of Queenstown.
At 2250hrs on 3 November, 1940, one of the most dramatic battles of the U-boat war began. a u-boat attacked the armed merchant cruisers HMS Laurentic
and HMS Patroclus
. They were both sunk within seven hours in which the U-boat fired ten torpedoes and four rounds with the deck gun, while the vessels returned fire without damaging the U-boat.